Academic, author, and former Monsanto advisor who lobbies for GM food and crops, and attacks organic food and farming. Claims activists in rich countries are denying African farmers access to productive technologies (read: GM) in spite of the fact that there is no evidence that GM crops have increased yields or resistance to drought. Majorly misrepresented the 2002 food crisis in Zambia, claiming the government's refusal to accept GM food that had not been through Zambia's biosafety protocols led to famine. Six years later, in 2008 Paarlberg finally admitted this was not true.
Articles: The Dubious Virtue of Apostasy, Africa's Biotechnology Battle
Don’t Panic, Go Organic: Be not troubled by Robert Paarlberg's scaremongering
What's the difference between Fox News and Oxford University Press?
Does Africa need GM for development?
See also: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, Monsanto
President of seed company Limagrain and managing director of its biotech research arm, Biogemma. In 2004 he emerged as leader of a surprising group of radical rural campaigners claiming to be in favour of open-field GM experiments.
See also: Biogemma, Committee of Agricultural Organisations in the European Union, Limagrain
Former director of the Scottish arm of the Food Standards Agency who was allegedly involved in fast-tracking approval of GM foods for Monsanto in his role as a director at Canadian regulator Health Canada.
See also: Food Standards Agency
Disgraced politician and former environment minister who promoted GMOs, attacked environmentalism, and engaged in extreme climate scepticism. Refused repeated requests to disclose who was funding his pro-GMO lobbying trips. Member of the industry-funded All-Party Parliamentary Group on Science and Technology in Agriculture. Brother-in-law of Matt Ridley, who was the advisor to Paterson's UK2020 think tank.
Articles: Disgraced MP at centre of UK’s lobbying scandal was close ally of GMO lobby
Partners in crime: Owen Paterson and Matt Ridley. Or why you can’t keep a bad man down
Owen Paterson: the minister for GM hype
See also: Matt Ridley, UK 2020, All-Party Parliamentary Group on Science and Technology in Agriculture, Mark Lynas, Cornell Alliance for Science, Sarah Evanega, EuropaBio, Syngenta, Rothamsted Research, ISAAA, Breakthrough Institute, Ted Nordhaus, Michael Shellenberger, Patrick Moore
The director of Front Foot Communications, which provides the "secratariat" for the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Science and Technology in Agriculture (APPGSTA), the industry backed parliamentary lobby for the introduction of GM crop cultivation to the UK and against restrictions on pesticides. Pearsall's firm is paid by the GM industry lobby group the Agricultural Biotechnology Council (ABC), the pesticide industry lobby group CropLife UK, and the NFU, among others. Pearsall was previously the spokesman for the GM crop industry body SCIMAC - Supply Chain Initiative on Modified Agricultural Crops, whose members included the Agricultural Biotechnology Council (ABC), the Crop Protection Association - the forerunner of CropLife UK, and the NFU. Pearsall is also the coordinator for Science for Sustainable Agriculture, a lobby group which seems to have considerable overlap with APPGSTA, with members such as Matt Ridley, Jeff Rooker and Julian Sturdy among its Advisory Group.
Links to: All-Party Parliamentary Group on Science and Technology in Agriculture, Owen Paterson, Matt Ridley, John Krebs, George Freeman, Julian Sturdy, Dick Taverne, Jeff Rooker, NFU, ABC, CropLife UK
Consultancy publishing regular reports, commissioned by the biotech industry, claiming extraordinary successes with GM crops.
Article: GMOs cut greenhouse gas emissions, says new report
See also: AgBioForum, Graham Brookes, Peter Barfoot, ISAAA
Fellow of the Royal Society and an expert in plant chemistry, who worked at Rothamsted Research, then Cardiff University. Made unsubstantiated claims about Arpad Pusztai's research.
Articles: ‘Science one, whining greenies nil’, Star Chamber
See also: Rothamsted Research, Royal Society
Was a member of the UK's Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment (ACRE) until asked to leave because of his employment by GM firm Zeneca Crop Science, which went onto become part of Syngenta. Poole was Zeneca's External and Regulatory Affairs Manager at the same time that he was serving as a UK regulator and Zeneca was commercialising GM products. Poole is a former Chair of the Governing Board of ICRISAT.
Articles: Biotech experts to lose GM role, Scientists get the pip over GM tomatoes
Links to: Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment (ACRE), Zeneca, Syngenta, Jim Dunwell, Peter Doyle, Ed Dart
Professor of ecology at Southampton University and a founder member of industry-funded lobby group CropGen. Advises UK and EU government bodies on the risks of GM crops and is Chief Scientific Adviser to the Food Standards Agency.
See also: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, CropGen, Food Standards Agency
Developer of GM Golden Rice, which for over 20 years has been touted as having the power to save the people of the developing world from vitamin A deficiency.
See also: Gerard Barry, Golden Rice Network
Former professor in the department of plant agriculture at the University of Guelph, Canada, known for aggressive attacks on scientists who raise concerns about GM. Lead researcher for the notorious "wormy corn" paper.
See also: Shane Morris, Food Safety Network, Life Sciences Network
C. S. Prakash
Runs the pro-GM AgBioWorld website, Twitter account, and previously the AgBioView listserv. Key player in attacks on the research of Ignacio Chapela and Gilles-Éric Séralinii.
Articles: Smelling a Corporate Rat, Corporate Phantoms, Immoral Maize
See also: AgBioView, AgBioWorld, Mary Murphy, Andura Smetacek, Jay Byrne, Tony Trewavas, Greg Conko, Competitive Enterprise Institute, Andrew Apel
Program for Biosafety Systems (PBS)
PBS is funded by USAID and run by a consortium of groups, principally IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute). It targets countries in Africa and Asia to help with the "responsible development and safe use of agricultural biotechnology". Run by former Monsanto director, Judy Chambers, and before that Joel Cohen.
Article: USAID in Africa: For the American Corporations
Briefing: Making the World Hungry for GM crops
See also: USAID, Agricultural Biotechnology Support Program (ABSP), Judy Chambers, CABIO, Andrew Natsios, Joel Cohen, C. S. Prakash
Progress Educational Trust
Lobby group that opposes restrictions on genetic technologies affecting human fertility. Has strong links with the LM network and the pharmaceutical industry.
Articles: Invasion of the Entryists
See also: Genetic Interest Group, Living Marxism, LM group, Juliet Tizzard
An initiative of the National Center for Public Policy Research, a free market foundation with an anti-environmental agenda, which lobbies for the uptake of GM crops in developing countries. Black journalists Glen Ford and Peter Gamble describe it is a "Black front group" and a "network and nursery for aspiring right-wing operatives".
See also: Niger Innis, Congress of Racial Equality, National Center for Public Policy Research
PRRI – Public Research and Regulation Initiative
Lobby group for pro-GM researchers in public institutions. Has strong industry connections.
See also: Gerard Barry, Andrew Bennett, Phil Dale, Piet van der Meer, CS Prakash, Jennifer Thomson, Roger Beachy