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Peter Lachmann
 UK
Professor of immunology at the University of Cambridge. Former vice president and biological secretary of the Royal Society and former president of the UK's Academy of Medical Sciences.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Royal Society

Chris Lamb
 UK
Late director of the John Innes Centre in Norwich, UK.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Article: Two-faced science
See also: John Innes Centre

Lyndon LaRouche
 USA
Lyndon LaRouche, the American former-Marxist leader, was one of the first people to use the term "terrorist" in relation to environmentalists.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise

Chris Leaver
 UK
Former head of the department of plant sciences at Oxford University. One of the most privileged voices on GM crops.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Royal Society

Lexington Communications
 UK
PR and lobbying firm that counts major biotech firms and groups among its clients.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Mike Craven

Liberty Institute
 India
Anti-regulation think tank founded by Barun Mitra, who lobbied for GM crops in India. It is part of right-wing coalitions like the International Consumers for Civil Society (ICCS) and the International Policy Network (IPN).
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: AgBioWorld, International Policy Network, Barun Mitra

Conrad Lichtenstein
 UK
Professor of molecular biology at Queen Mary College, University of London, genetic engineer, and member of industry body CropGen.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: CropGen

Martin Livermore
 UK
Former PR hack for Dupont. Now heads Scientific Alliance.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Scientific Alliance, Sense About Science

Life Sciences Network
 New Zealand
PR group that lobbies for GM food and crops.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Communications Trumps, GenePool, Norrey Simmons

Limagrain
 France
Farmers' cooperative which has grown into the world's fourth biggest seed company. Invests heavily in biotech research.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Biogemma, Pierre Pagesse

Michael Lipton
 UK
Development economist at the Poverty Research Unit, University of Sussex and a strong supporter of GM and GM "Golden Rice".
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Gerard Barry, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, Golden Rice Network, International Rice Research Institute, Ingo Potrykus

Martin Livermore
 UK
Director of the Scientific Alliance and former PR man for DuPont. Runs his own consultancy, Ascham Associates, and claims to have "extensive networks in the food chain, public sector, NGO and think tank communities".
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Ascham Associates, Scientific Alliance

Living Marxism
 UK
Formerly the magazine of the Revolutionary Communist Party. It morphed into a publication called LM, which takes a pro-corporate, pro-technology line on such controversial issues as GM, cloning, mobile phone technology, etc.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Claire Fox, Fiona Fox, Science Media Centre, Spiked

LM group
 UK
Loosely constituted political grouping sharing an anti-environmentalist, pro-corporate ideology. Its members have infiltrated the UK science establishment at the highest levels.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: Tracey Brown, Martin Durkin, Claire Fox, Fiona Fox, Frank Furedi, Institute of Ideas, Science Media Centre

Peter Lutman
 UK
Head of the weed ecology research group at Rothamsted Research, which carried out the UK government's farmscale trials on GM crops. Lutman also works for the industry lobby group CropGen.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: CropGen, Rothamsted Research