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Mark Cantley
 UK
Former adviser to European Commission, now part of CropGen.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Scientific Alliance

Janet Carpenter
 USA
Researcher on GM crop benefits for CropLife International. Previously with industry lobby National Center for Food and Agriculture Policy.
See also: Leonard Gianessi

Sir David Carter
 UK
Sense About Science's man at the British Medical Association (BMA).
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Sense About Science

Cato Institute
USA USA
Libertarian think tank, home to Steve Milloy and Ronald Bailey.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Ronald A. Bailey, Steven J. Milloy

Center for Consumer Freedom
USA USA
Monsanto-backed lobby run by Rick Berman's PR firm.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Rick Berman, Berman & Co

Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise
USA USA
Industry-funded lobby group at the centre of anti-environmental movement.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Article: The Uncle Tom Award
Linked to:
Ron Arnold, Wise Use Movement, Paul Driessen

Center for Food and Agricultural Research
USA USA
Front website for Monsanto attacks on its critics.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Articles: Corporate Phantoms, Immoral Maize
Linked to: Bivings Group, Jay Byrne

Centre for Research on Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development
 India
Research body headed by the geneticist and "father" of India's "Green Revolution", M. S. Swaminathan.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: M. S. Swaminathan

Challenge Program on Biofortification
USA USA
Program run by CGIAR to develop nutritionally fortified food crops for developing world.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)

Judy Chambers
 USA
Director of USAID's Program for Biosafety Systems (PBS). Formerly Director of International Government Affairs at Monsanto and a Senior Advisor to USAID.
Article: PBS Selects New Director
Briefing on USAID: Making the World Hungry for GM crops
Linked to: US Agency for International Development (USAID), Agricultural Biotechnology Support Program (ABSP), CABIO, Joel Cohen

Joel Cohen
 USA
Former director of USAID's Program for Biosafety Systems (PBS). Prior to PBS, he worked for the US Agency for International Development (USAID), as Senior Biotechnology Specialist, where he collaborated with Monsanto and Florence Wambugu on the GM sweet potato project. Before joining USAID, he worked for Dekalb Plant Genetics. Now with IFPRI.
Profiles: Cohen's own biography
Briefing on USAID: Making the World Hungry for GM crops
Linked to: US Agency for International Development (USAID), Agricultural Biotechnology Support Program (ABSP), Judy Chambers

Committee of Agricultural Organisations in the European Union
 European Union
An umbrella organisation for farmers' cooperatives. COGECA actively supports the development of 'plant biotechnology' in the EU and lobbies for higher thresholds of GM contamination.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Biogemma, Limagrain, Pierre Pagesse

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
 Australia
Australia's heavily industry-aligned public scientific research body.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile

Communications Trumps
 New Zealand
PR firm that's worked for biotech companies.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Life Sciences Network, Norrey Simmons

Competitive Enterprise Institute
USA USA
Libertarian think tank, co-founded AgBioWorld.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Gregory Conko, Ronald Bailey, C.S. Prakash, Roger Bate

Congress of Racial Equality
USA USA
Monsanto backed former civil rights group that now lobbies for industry.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Article: The Uncle Tom Award
Linked to:
Niger Innis Paul Driessen Monsanto

Consumer Alert
USA USA
Front group lobbying against industry regulation, run by wife of head of Competitive Enterprise Institute.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Henry I. Miller, Elizabeth Whelan

Michael Craven
 UK
New Labour insider and founding partner of GM industry's PR firm of choice, Lexington Communications.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Lexington Communications, Agricultural Biotechnology Council, CropGen

Gregory Conko
USA USA
Director of food safety policy at the Competitive Enterprise Institute and co-founder of C.S. Prakash's AgBioWorld Foundation.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: AgBioWorld, Competitive Enterprise Institute, Henry I. Miller, C. S. Prakash

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
USA USA
Global network of agricultural research centres promoting a corporate, pro-GM agenda. Syngenta Foundation on board of directors.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: International Rice Research Institute, Syngenta Foundation

Council for Biotechnology Information
USA USA
Members include biotech companies and industry bodies.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
See also: BASF, Bayer, Biotechnology Industry Organization, Monsanto, Syngenta

CropGen
 UK
Biotech industry-funded lobby group aiming to "make a case for GM crops" worldwide. Chaired by Vivian Moses and run by PR firm Lexington Communications.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: Jonathon Harrington, Lexington Communications, Peter Lutman, Vivian Moses

CropLife International
 Belgium
A global federation "representing the plant science industry" and led by the big biotech companies.
Profiles: GMWatch SpinProfile
Linked to: BASF, Bayer, Dow, DuPont, Monsanto, Syngenta